Elsewhere, Santos rallied late to secure a 3-2 win at Goais. Marcos Leonardo, Jefferson and Marinho were on target for the visitor while Vinicius Lopes and Victor Andrade scored for Goias.
Six minutes later, Bruno Labbadia's men thought they had opened the scoring but Jhon Cordoba's goal was ruled offside.
Colombia will face Venezuela in Barranquilla on Friday and Chile in Santiago four days later.
"Chile is always a very difficult opponent. Every time a new qualifying tournament begins there are different expectations. I'm seeing some new faces and also a few old ones. There are several players that have already had a lot of international experience," he added. Enditem
On the Shandong side, Yang Hengyu contributed 16 points, while Qiao Yanzi added 12.
On Friday Heerenveen drew 1-1 at FC Utrecht and Vitesse beat Heracles Almelo 3-0 on Saturday. Feyenoord now leads the Eredivisie with 10 points after four matches. PSV and Heerenveen also have 10 points, but Feyenoord's goal difference is better. Vitesse and Ajax are fourth and fifth with nine points. Enditem
Earlier on Friday, Jiangsu defeated Shanghai 3-0 (25-17, 25-20, 26-24) in the third-place match.
Domenec Torrent's men are now fourth in the 20-team standings, three points behind leader Atletico Mineiro.
Ajax had more possession and more chances in the first half, but it was Groningen that found the net after the restart. Ajax goalkeeper Andre Onana stopped a shot from Groningen striker Jorgen Strand Larsen, but he had no answer to the rebound from 19-year-old forward Remco Balk.
FC Barcelona's positive start under Ronald Koeman had produced two wins and seven goals without reply in their first two matches of the season, but that positive start was halted as they were held 1-1 at home to Sevilla on Sunday evening.
Meanwhile Barca loaned 20-year-old left back Joan Miranda to Betis, while Rafinha Alcantara was sold to Paris Saint Germain for a bargain three million euros and central defender Jean-Clair Todibo (who is not in Koeman's plans) was loaned to Benfica on a two-year deal.